1. Make sure to get a full blood count especially including ferittin and transferrin. Ferittin is reserved iron and low amount can indicate iron deficiency. Transferrin is responsible for iron metabolism and transports iron through the blood to different tissues (e.g. the liver, spleen & bone marrow) 2. Iron supplements come in various forms however, Glycinate has been shown to be the best. Iron glycinate is gentler on the stomach and has higher absorption level incompared to all other types of iron. 3. Iron is better absorbed in acidic environment hence, best taken empty stomach. 4. Choose Iron supplements that contain vit.C, B12, B9 (follic acid).
Vitamin. C improves absorptionof iron in the stomach. Vitamin B12 is important for normal blood, cells, and nerves. Folic acid is needed to form healthy cells, especially red blood cells. B6 & B2 are essential nutrients for B12 & folic acid absorption. 5. Taking iron supplement on alternate days and in single doses optimizes iron absorption and might be a preferable dosing regimen, in compared to having them daily as divided doses increases serum hepcidin levels and reduces iron absorption. 6. Organic form of iron supplement can be gentler on the stomach and is better absorbed. 7. Fibre rich foods, caffeinated drinks, dairies such as milk and calcium supplements and antacid medications (reduces stomach acidity) can all interfere and reduce iron absorption in the body.